European Fallow Deer

The European Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is fascinating to look at and is a favorite world over. It comes in several color variations. The summer coat color in the most typical form ("menil") is reddish brown with white spots scattered over the back and sides and a horizontal row of spots. The belly is white and the undersides are also white. The species has two other main color phases: a non-spotted, creamy of buff white variety that lacks the dark cap, and a dark brown, almost black form that may or may not have faintly visible spots. White Dama dama deer is a rare variety of fallow deer native to North Africa and southern Europe.

White Fallow Deer

Males develop palms on antlers as mature. Size and shape vary widely. Bucks are in hard antler mid-to late August until late April or May. Male weigh 175 to 200 lbs. Fallow deer do not cross breed with other species of deer. They prefer open mixed woodlands and open fields and crops where they feed as grazers. They consume more grass when other forage is less available. The species is very adaptable, but need tree cover with undergrowth for shelter and for winter food. They tame easily but males can be dangerous. The breeding season lasts from September to February.


  1. Hoofed Mammals of British Columbia. David M. Shackleton, Royal British Columbia
  2. Nonnative Hoofed Mammals in the United States. Elizabeth Cary Mungall

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