Registering your dog is important if you are a breeder or if you intend to participate in purebred canine shows and events. You can choose among several options: register your purebred dog with one of the three most reputable all-breed registries in North America – AKC, CKC and UKC. You can also register your purebred dog with one of the well-recognized single-breed clubs. If your dog has been imported to North America, it may have been registered with other reputable registries – a member club of F.C.I. ( Fédération Internationale Cynologique) etc.
American Kennel Club
The American Kennel Club was established in 1884 by a group of enthusiasts representing several dog clubs. According to the American Kennel Club’s Mission Statement, its goal is to “maintain a registry for purebred dogs and preserve its integrity. The American Kennel Club “records the parentage of over one million dogs annually, but is not itself involved in the sale of dogs and cannot, therefore, guarantee the health and quality of dogs in its registry.” The AKC sponsors over 15,000 dog competitions each year held by member clubs and also supports and promotes the canine sport including Agility, Obedience, Tracking, Field Trials, Hunting Tests, Lure Coursing, Herding, Earthdog, Coonhound events as well as Conformation Shows.
Currently, the AKC recognizes 157 breeds of dogs categorized into 7 groups:
There is also a Miscellaneous Class.
Breeds officially recognized for AKC registration appear in the Stud Book of the American Kennel Club. A new breed is admitted to the Miscellaneous Class when there is an active parent club with substantial breeding activity.
According to the AKC definition, “…Breeds in the Miscellaneous Class may compete and earn titles in AKC Obedience, Tracking and Agility events. Miscellaneous breeds are also eligible to compete in Junior Showmanship. They may also compete at conformation shows, but here are limited to competition in the Miscellaneous Class and are not eligible for championship points.”
AKC Foundation Stock Service®
The Foundation Stock Service® is an optional record-keeping service to maintain pedigree, ownership records and stud books for all purebred breeds not currently registrable with the AKC. Breeds must have 150 dogs with three-generation pedigrees recorded in the FSS® and an active breed club to compete in the AKC Agility, Obedience, Tracking, and Rally events. The AKC only considers adding new breeds to the FSS® or its registry upon request. The breed must be recognized by an acceptable foreign or domestic registry such as Canadian Kennel Club, The Kennel Club (UK) etc. There are currently 48 breeds registered with the FSS®.
United Kennel Club
The United Kennel Club (UKC) was founded in 1898 by Chauncey Z. Bennett and currently owned by Wayne R. Cavanaugh. The United Kennel Club is the second oldest and second-largest all-breed dog registry in the United States. It registers over 250,000 dogs annually. The performance programs of U.K.C. include Conformation Shows, Obedience Trials, Agility Trials, Coonhound Field Trials, Water Races, Nite Hunts and Bench Shows, hunting tests for the retrieving breeds, beagle events including Hunts and Bench Shows, and, for Cur and Feist Squirrel and Coon Events, and Bench Shows.
Currently, the United Kennel Club recognizes over 300 breeds of dogs categorized into 8 groups: Companion Breeds, Guardian Dogs, Gun Dogs, Herding Dogs, Northern Breeds, Scenthounds, Sighthounds And Pariahs, Terriers.
The Canadian Kennel Club
The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) is the primary registry body for purebred dogs in Canada. The services provided by the Canadian Kennel club include registration of purebred dogs, sanctioning of the dog shows, field trials, tracking tests, and hunt tests and maintaining the official records for these events and awards Championship titles as well as animal recovery.
Currently, the Canadian Kennel Club recognizes over 160 breeds of dogs which are categorized into 7 groups: Sporting Dogs, Hounds, Working Dogs, Terriers, Toys, Non-Sporting Dogs, Herding Dogs and one Miscellaneous Class (breeds recognized in other countries but still awaiting full CKC recognition).
The Kennel Club (UK)
The Kennel Club (UK) is the primary registry body for purebred dogs in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1873. The Kennel Club registers over 200,000 pedigree dogs every year. Cross-breeds are also eligible for registration in their own right under the Activity Register and with the Companion Dog Club.
Currently, the The Kennel Club recognizes around 200 breeds of dogs which are categorized into 7 groups: Hound, Working, Terrier, Gundog, Pastoral, Utility and Toy.
Australian National Kennel Council
The Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) is the primary registry body for purebred dogs in Australia.
Currently, the Australian National Kennel Council recognizes over 170 breeds of dogs which are categorized into 7 groups: Toys, Terriers, Gundogs, Hounds, Working Dogs, Utility and Non-Sporting.
New Zealand Kennel Club
The New Zealand Kennel Club (NZKC) is the primary registry body for purebred dogs in New Zealand.
Currently, the New Zealand Kennel Club recognizes over 180 breeds of dogs which are categorized into 7 groups: Toy, Terrier, Gundogs, Hounds, Working, Utility and Non-Sporting.
Fédération Internationale Cynologique (FCI)
The FCI is the World Canine Organisation. It was created on May 22nd, 1911 with the aim to promote and protect purebred dogs. It includes 80 members and contract partners that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. FCI is not a registry and does not issue any pedigree. The FCI activities include: keeping records of the results of international shows and certificates of Champion of Beauty, Working, Agility, Obedience, and Race; confirmation of the titles, updating and translation of the breed standards, maintaining a record of lists of judges, translation and updating of the various international regulations, and setting up the calendar of the international dog shows.
Currently, the FCI recognizes 332 breeds categorized into 10 groups: Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs), Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds, Terriers, Dachshunds, Spitz and primitive types, Scenthounds and related breeds, Pointing Dogs, Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs, Companion and Toy Dogs and Sighthounds. Standards of these breeds are owned and developed by specific countries.