Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride

Primary Uses Oxytetracycline is an antimicrobial drug which possesses a wide range of antimicrobial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, including some microorganisms innately insensitive to many chemotherapeutic agents, such as rickettsiae, mycoplasma, chlamydia agents of lymphogranuloma venerum, psittacosis, inclusion conjunctivitis, and trachoma and amebae. Oxytetracycline is also used in treatment of intestinal amebiasis; it removes both cysts and motile forms from intestine and compares favorably with arsenicals and halogenated quinolines.

PROPRIETARY NAMES
Oxytetracycline Hydrochloride is an active ingredient in the following proprietary drugs: Terramycin Vet Capsules, Terramycin Animal Formula, Terramycin Soluble Powder, Terramycin Ophthalmic Ointment with Polymyxin, iquamycin Injectable, Terramycin Injectable, Health TM-100 Type A Medicated Article, Health TM-100D Type A Medicated Article, Health TM-50 D Type A Medicated Article, Health TM-50 Type A Medicated Article.

DOGS It is used in dogs for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia caused by Brucella bronchiseptica, tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus hemolyticus, bacterial enteritis caused by Escherichia coli, urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli, and wound infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The drug can be used for continuation of compatible antibiotic therapy following parenteral oxytetracycline administration where rapidly attained, sustained antibiotic blood levels are required. The duration of treatment required to obtain favorable response will depend to some extent on the severity and degree of involvement and the susceptibility of the infectious agent. Clinical response to antibiotic therapy usually occurs within 48 to 72 hours.

CATS It is used in cats for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia caused by Brucella bronchiseptica, tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus hemolyticus, bacterial enteritis caused by Escherichia coli, urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli, and wound infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. This antibiotic is capable of crossing the placenta and causing staining of the deciduous teeth. It stains to a lesser degree than tetracycline.