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    There are many beautiful varieties of fancy Goldfish (Carassius auratus). The common goldfish is one of the world’s most popular pets. The Comet was developed in the USA.

    Sarasa Comet

    It is either red or red and white. The red and white variety is sometimes referred to as Sarasa.


    Image Credits: Lawrencekhoo, WikiMedia

    The Ryukin is one of the most popular aquarium goldfish. The distinguishing characteristics of this variety are its round belly and a long tail which can be either triple or quadruple. The original source of Ryukin was China. The red and white variety are most appreciated, although the calico Ryukin (base color blue with red, white and black markings) is also beautiful. The variety is often referred to as the fringetail and has an excellent flutter to its swimming movements.

    Tamasaba (Sabao)

    Tamasaba (Sabao)
    Image Credits: Ghasem1122, WikiMedia

    The shape of the Sabao is very similar to that of Ryukin, but with a single caudal fin. It is a very hardy and attractive goldfish.

    Buffalo Ranchu

    Buffalo Ranchu

    The original Buffalo Head came from Korea and is probably the rarest and most sophisticated of goldfish. There is no dorsal fin, the back is rounded, and the body is perfectly symmetrical.


    Image Credits: Totti, WikiMedia

    The Tosakin has a very unusual tail formation. It has great difficulties in swimming and prefers to remain near the bottom of the aquarium. Tosakin are best bred and appreciated in shallow containers.


    Image Credits: Lawrencekhoo, WikiMedia

    The Pearlscale has very unusual scales that look like half-round pearls. They can be red, red and white, calico, black and white or blue. It has a very similar body shape to the Ryukin and Fringetail.

    Hama Nishiki

    Pearlscale Goldfish
    Image Credits: Lerdsuwa, WikiMedia

    Hama Nishiki variety is very unusual, with a ball balanced on its head. This particular specimen also has pearl scales.

    Bubble Eye

    Bubble eye goldfish
    Image Credits: Lawrencekhoo, WikiMedia

    The Bubble Eye is a very striking goldfish, with its huge bags containing fluid protruding from around the eyes. The bubbles are particularly fragile and easily damaged. They are susceptible to bacterial attacks which eventually pierce the sac. As the fluid escapes, the bubble will deflate, but if treated with care, it will repair and inflate again.

    Celestial Eye

    Celestial Goldfish
    Image Credits: Michelle Jo, WikiMedia

    The Celestial variety is closely related to the Bubble Eye, but there is a noticeable difference in the shape of the eyes that are similar to those of the Telescope (Demekin) variety, but they are turned upward.


    American Shubunkin
    Image Credits: Michelle Jo, WikiMedia

    The Shubunkin variety is very similar to the Comet variety but has calico coloring. There are several different versions, the most popular being the “Bristol Shubunkin” that has a rounded and less streamlined tail.

    Telescope Eye

    Black Moor Fish
    Image Credits: Riyad Youssef, WikiMedia

    The principal feature of the Telescope Eye is its protruding eyes, and, apart from the common goldfish, Comets and Shubunkins, it is probably the most popular variety to be bred in large numbers. It is without a doubt unusual and attractive. It is normally black, but red and white, and calico examples are also found.


    White Faced Oranda
    Image Credits: Lawrencekhoo, WikiMedia

    Orandas are the largest of the goldfish varieties, with some specimens measuring more than 8 inches. The hooded growths add an attractive and almost charming look to this goldfish. Some examples can become very tame. The Dutch Calico is probably one of the most colorful of the Oranda goldfish varieties. The Red Cap Oranda has a red cap perched on its head.

    Video Credits: Aquarium Co-Op
    Image Credits: Hans


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