Coton de Tulear

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    History & Overview

    The Coton de Tulear is a small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression. Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, the Coton de Tulear quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs.


    He is of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs who adapts perfectly to all ways of life but prefers to be an indoor dog. Many Cotons are talented swimmers and take to the water quite naturally.


    The most prominent physical feature of this breed is its beautiful coat. Maintaining its cotton-like texture means regular grooming. To avoid matting and potential skin irritations, you must check the coat carefully after any time spent outdoors and remove all burrs, dry grass or thorns. Brush and comb at least twice a week.

    At A Glance:

    Country of Origin:



    Companion Dog


    FCI Classification: Group 9 – Companion & Toy Breeds; Coton de Tulear (without working trial)
    AKC Classification: Miscellaneous Class
    Kennel Club (UK): Toy Dogs
    United Kennel Club: Companion Breeds
    Other Registries: Coton de Tulear Club of America, American Coton Club


    Small (12.5 inches at shoulders)


    Ground color: White. A few slight shadings of light gray color (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears.

    Litter Size:


    Life Span:

    12 – 18 years

    Grooming Requirements:

    They need regular brushing and bathing since the coat can easily mat and tangle.




    The Coton de Tulear is intelligent, alert, curious and easily-trained. This dog is extremely willing to please and is very loyal to his family.

    Social skills:

    Coton de Tulears usually get along with other small animals but can be suspicious of strange dogs.

    Suitability for Children:

    Cotons are wonderful with children, but early socialization is still recommended.

    Exercise Needs:

    While the Coton is an ideal apartment dog, he needs room to run to maintain his happy disposition and to stay healthy.

    Train Ability:

    The Coton de Tulear can be challenging to housebreak. He benefits from early obedience training.

    Health & Behavioral Issues:

    Very healthy. No genetic diseases are currently known to breeders.

    Video Credits: Animal Planet, Discovery Channel


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