History & Overview
The Jack Russell Terrier, the tenacious and aggressive fox hunter, was created by John Russell, a fox-hunting enthusiast from Devonshire in England. He developed a strain of Fox Terriers to suit his needs for a dog to run with his foxhounds and go to ground to bolt the fox and other quarries from their dens.
Two varieties evolved with basically similar standards except for differences, mainly in height and proportions. The taller, more squarely built dog is now known as the Parson Russell Terrier, and the shorter, slightly longer proportioned dog, is known as the Jack Russell Terrier.
Intelligent, cheerful, playful, the JRT is first and foremost a working dog with very strong hunting instincts. The Jack Russell Terrier is a strong, active, lithe working terrier of great character with a flexible body of medium length. His smart movement matches his keen expression. He is bold and fearless, friendly but quietly confident.
Tail docking is optional, and the coat may be smooth, rough or broken. The coat should not be altered (stripped out) to appear smooth or broken. The predominant color is white with black and/or tan markings. The tan markings can be from the lightest tan to the richest tan (chestnut). The ideal height is 10 to 12 inches at the withers; the ideal weight is 11 to 13 pounds.
Known Health Risks
Responsible breeders of Jack Russell Terrier will screen their dogs for:
- FCI-Standard N° 345/09.08.2004/GB