Miniature Schnauzer (Zwergschnauzer/ Dwarf Schnauzer)

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    History & Overview

    The Miniature Schnauzer is a breed of small dog of the Schnauzer type that originated in Germany in the mid-to-late 19th century. These hardy little dogs are believed to have developed from crosses between the Standard Schnauzer and one or more smaller breeds such as the:

    Miniature Schnauzers are remarkably social and people-oriented creatures. Originally bred as farm and hunting dogs, they will also help rid your yard of rodents.


    The Miniature Schnauzer is very friendly toward people and is generally great around children. Despite their small size, the Miniature Schnauzer is very brave and may get itself into trouble with larger dogs. For this reason, owners must take special care to socialize their Miniature Schnauzer with other dogs from a very young age.


    His crisp, tangle-resistant, easily cared-for, non-shedding coat makes him the meticulous housekeeper’s joy. He does not make a good kennel dog and truly suffers when separated from his family. If you think that you can leave your Schnauzer in the back yard for half a day and he will play all by himself, do not hold to this dream. He will only play when he is with you.

    At A Glance

    Other Names:

    Zwergschnauzer (Dwarf Schnauzer)

    Country of Origin:



    Farm & Hunting dogs, Ratters, Companion


    FCI Classification: Group 2 – Pinschers, Schnauzers & Molossian Types; Pinscher and Schnauzer type (without working trial)
    AKC Classification: Terrier group


    Medium (13 – 14 inches at shoulders)


    Pure black with black undercoat; pepper and salt; black and silver; pure white with white undercoat.

    Litter Size:


    Life Span:

    9 – 15 years

    Grooming Requirements:

    Schnauzers need to be brushed once a week and require regular trimming and plucking.




    These dogs are very alert and active, making them a suitable alarm for oncoming visitors. They require little exercise, because they are so active around the house, making them acceptable city dogs and great pets for elderly people.

    Social skills:

    Miniature Schnauzers usually get along with other cats and dogs, but because they were bred as hunting dogs (mainly as ratter and mousers), they like to chase cats and other small animals.

    Suitability for Children:

    Usually good with children of all ages.

    Exercise Needs:

    In addition to playtime with his family, the Miniature Schnauzer needs 20-30 minutes of daily exercise.

    Train Ability:

    Schnauzers are eager to learn and relatively easy to housebreak. Some schnauzers can be stubborn, so you are advised to start obedience training early.

    Health & Behavioral Issues

    • Bladder Stones
    • Liver Diseases
    • Kidney & Skin Disorders
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